Sociology and Anthropology

Collage of modern city and ancient cave drawing

Sociologists and Anthropologists study human behavior in systematic ways within societies and cultures.

Program Mission: As Sociologists and Anthropologists, we prepare students across disciplines to critically analyze the nature and transformation of the human condition and to confront problems and possibilities facing our uneven and interconnected world.

With a focus on community engagement to address social inequities, Stockton’s Sociology and Anthropology program cultivates critical thinking, research and writing skills, and prepares students for careers and/or graduate study in a wide range of professional fields. The SOAN program combines methodological and theoretical breadth with applied, engaged study of local and global issues to prepare students to critically analyze and contribute to their social and cultural worlds.  
 
SOCY/ANTH Student Learning Goals: 

  • Research Skills
  • Writing and Communication 
  • Understanding Inequality
  • Community Engagement 

 

About the Program

Sociology (SOCY) investigates human social life, social change, and the social causes and consequences of human behavior. Sociologists study social interaction among individuals, groups, and cultures; the institutions that constitute a society; and the processes that create, sustain, and resist social inequality. In addition, sociological analysis sharpens the understanding of various levels of social life, from interpersonal interactions (such as those found in families, small work groups, friendships, and casual encounters); through the organization and function of social institutions (such as the family, education, religions, politics, media, and medicine); to the structure and functioning of social systems as a whole (class structure, racial/ethnic relations, cultural ideologies, and various legal and governmental processes).

Program Chair:

Betsy Erbaugh, Ph.D.
Associate Professor of Sociology
609-652-4639
G208
betsy.erbaugh@stockton.edu

Anthropology (ANTH) asks what it means to be human in specific cultural and timebound contexts. As such, the discipline has an international and comparative focus. In Anthropology, people are understood in terms of their biological and behavioral variation cross-culturally and through time. In particular, ethnographic field methods expose students to lived realities in a range of cultural contexts. While our program’s primary focus is Cultural Anthropology, students also have opportunities to study the other main fields of Anthropology: Archaeology, Biological Anthropology, and Linguistics. Anthropological analysis investigates the dynamics of culture including kinship, ethnicity, religion, nationalism, colonialism, migration, and inequality.

The interdisciplinary SOCY/ANTH program at Stockton University focuses on social justice issues related to race/ethnicity, social class, gender, sexuality, migration and imperialism. The program emphasizes community engagement and service-learning in teaching, learning and research. Program coursework highlights both qualitative and quantitative methods of research—for example, field methods and ethnography, interviewing and focus groups, historical analysis, survey work and statistical analysis.

More information about:

 

The SOCY/ANTH Curriculum

All students in the SOCY/ANTH major are expected to develop a command of the essential substantive and methodological core of Sociology and Anthropology. Beyond this core, students are able to build upon their specific interests within the major, in cognate areas, and in areas “at-some-distance” from the major. The program promotes internships and overseas study to enable students to gain practical and professional development and to apply the knowledge derived from their university experience. Finally, program courses strongly encourage students to actively participate in community and civic engagement and service-learning projects. 

For a B.A. degree in Sociology/Anthropology, students must satisfactorily complete 64 credits in program and cognate studies, as well as the University’s 64-credit general education requirement.

Curriculum Worksheets

*Please refer to Degree Works for General Studies, At-Some-Distance, and Course Attribute requirements.

The program is open to any Stockton student with an interest in Sociology or Anthropology. To ensure that all program requirements are met for graduation by the end of the senior year, students are encouraged to declare the major by the beginning of their junior year. Choosing a Concentration is optional but not required. Transfer students are especially urged to consult with the program chair before enrolling in classes. When declaring a major in Sociology/Anthropology, students should select a preceptor from the program who will assist in making course selections and advise them on career options.

To declare the major or minor in Sociology/Anthropology:

All major and minor changes/declarations must be submitted digitally. To make a request, log in to your Go Stockton portal. Access your Student Services tab > Student Tools > Change of Major/Minor.

    • Visit the Academic Advising website for more information and forms to declare the major or minor.  
       
      Students planning to take advantage of one of the concentration options may declare these intentions in the go portal. Students are encouraged to choose a General Concentration until they have the opportunity to consult with their SOCY/ANTH program preceptor or the program chair. 

These courses are required of all SOAN majors (20 credits): 

  • SOCY 1100 Introduction to Sociology or ANTH 1100: Introduction to Anthropology
  • SOCY 3642: Social Research Methods 
  • ANTH 3643: Anthropological Field Methods 
  • SOCY/ANTH 3681: Social Theory
  • SOCY/ANTH 4685: Senior Seminar 
  • SOCY/ANTH 4810: ePortfolio (0 credits) 

These six required program courses should be taken in the following order:

  • First/second year: One introductory course (ANTH 1100 or SOCY 1100) should be taken in the first or second year; students may take both if they wish.
  • Junior year: During the junior year students should take Social Research Methods (SOCY 3642) in the fall and Field Methods (ANTH 3643) in the spring.
  • Senior year: During the senior year students should take Social Theory in the fall (SOCY/ANTH 3681), and Senior Seminar (SOCY/ANTH 4685) and e-Portfolio (SOCY/ANTH 4810) concurrently in the spring (Senior Seminar and e-Portfolio are linked in course registration).

e-Portfolio Requirement
SOCY/ANTH majors complete a 0-credit e-Portfolio Course (SOCY/ANTH 4810) as part of the requirements for graduation. An electronic Portfolio is a collection of digital artifacts articulating experiences, achievements and learning, and a format for reflecting on the student’s Stockton experience. Students submit artifacts (previously completed assignments) and reflect on how these assignments have helped to build skills and competencies in four outcome areas: Research Skills, Writing Skills, Understanding Inequality, and Community Engagement.

E-Portfolios are submitted by graduating seniors with the guidance of faculty and preceptors for a pass/fail grade at the end of their final term at Stockton. The e-Portfolio facilitates SOCY/ANTH program assessment and enables each student to document personal progress, academic achievement, and professional skill development while at Stockton.  

Electives
Alongside Core courses and the ePortfolio, an additional five Elective courses (20 credits) drawn from either Sociology or Anthropology complete program requirements for the major. Required electives vary by Concentration (specialized concentrations are optional). 

Program Competency
SOAN graduates demonstrate professional competencies in data literacy and cultural studies. The program competency requirement may be met with either:

  • One course in statistics, selected from the list of approved courses below, OR
  • Completion of a minor in one of the following: a foreign language (Languages and Culture Studies); Africana Studies; Global Studies; Latin American and Caribbean Studies; Migration Studies; Public Health; Sustainability; Women’s, Gender and Sexuality Studies; or another minor suited to the student’s academic and career plans, if approved by the student’s preceptor and the program chair. 

Approved courses for program competency requirement in Statistics: 

  • CIST 1206 Statistics
  • GNM 1110 Against All Odds
  • CRIM 2145 Statistics for Criminal Justice
  • PSYC 2241 Statistical Methods 
  • ENVL 2400 Statistical Analysis Ecological Systems 
  • PUBH 2310 Applied Biostatistics
  • BIOL/MARS 3115 Ecological Statistics
  • MATH 4451 Probability & Statistics I
  • Other statistics course with approval 

The cognate courses (24 credits, equivalent to 6 courses) complement SOCY/ANTH program requirements. Cognates are generally chosen from the following Social and Behavioral Science disciplines: criminal justice, economics, gerontology, political science, psychology, and social work. Especially given that SOCY/ANTH is an inherently interdisciplinary program, other courses may be considered as cognates after consultation with a preceptor or the program chair. For example, business and information science courses may be considered cognate courses for students with certain educational aims, and “at-some-distance” courses for other students. Required courses for a (non-SOAN) minor, which would normally fall under “at-some-distance,” may also be considered cognates with program approval. 

Many linkages are possible between SOCY/ANTH and fields such as social work, business studies, history, nursing, literature, health care, and computer science. Cognate or non-cognate clusters or minors, which may have career benefits for the students, can be constructed with the help of the preceptor. Finally, and again with the guidance of a preceptor, students may choose an area of study that specifically prepares them for graduate or professional school. 

Concentrations

SOAN majors may choose a General Concentration (effectively a broad, interdisciplinary SOCY/ANTH major with no specified area of emphasis), or they may elect to complete a topical Concentration in one of the five areas below. Required electives vary by concentration. 

  • Note that choosing a specialized concentration other than “General” is optional, not required of SOCY/ANTH majors or minors.

Focused concentrations are optional, not required, for majors or minors. Program concentrations are designed to augment an education in Sociology/Anthropology with special knowledge and skills that may be useful in graduate study or in a variety of occupations for students with specific fields of interest. It is also possible for students to focus more on either Sociology or Anthropology through those respective concentrations within the major (or by minoring in either SOCY or ANTH).

General Concentration: Five electives (20 credits) in Sociology and/or Anthropology (effectively no specialty concentration). This is the most flexible, least restrictive concentration. 

“Focus” Concentrations:

  • Anthropology: Five program electives (20 credits), including three or more in Anthropology. 
  • Sociology: Five program electives (20 credits), including three or more in Sociology. 

The interdisciplinary Archaeology Concentration allows students to focus on material culture, relying upon fieldwork and laboratory techniques and interdisciplinary coursework. Incorporating courses in Natural Science and Mathematics (NAMS) and Arts and Humanities (ARHU), this concentration prepares students for careers in research science, museum/historical archival work and curation, and cultural resource management.

The Archaeology Concentration requires a minimum of 20 credits drawn from courses in sociology/anthropology, biology, geology, art history, environmental studies, and general studies. Preceptors will work with students to approve acceptable course substitutions if necessary. In consultation with faculty and the program chair, students may also have the opportunity to complete a field placement in archaeological field work. 

Required Courses (12 credits):

  • ANTH 1100 Intro to Anthropology
  • ANTH 2108 Archaeological Field Methods
  • ANTH 2134 Early Civilizations

Choose remaining credits from list below:

  • ANTH 2126 North American Archaeology
  • ANTH 2260 Ancient Egypt
  • ANTH 2330 Prehistory of North America
  • ANTH 2340 Western Europe & the Near East
  • ANTH 3338 Mediterranean Archaeology
  • ARTV 2283 Ancient Architecture
  • ARTV 3338 Archaeology of the Mediterranean World
  • ENVL 3250 Geomorphology (pre-reqs: ENVL 2100, 2200; GEOL 2100)
  • ENVL 3301 Basic GIS (pre-reqs: ENVL 2100, 2400)
  • ENVL 3328 Stratigraphy (pre-reqs: ENVL 2100, 2200; GEOL 2100)
  • GEOL 2101 Physical Geology (co-req)
  • GEOL 2105 Physical Geology Lab (co-req)
  • GEOL 3231 Sedimentology and Stratigraphy
  • GNM 2318 Soils and Civilization

* Other courses may be added or substituted with permission of preceptor.

  • Archaeology Concentration Degree Pathway Worksheet

The Biological Anthropology Concentration combines coursework in the biological sciences with Sociology/Anthropology course offerings. This concentration exposes students to the study of human primate evolution, genetics, and morphology, and prepares students for careers or graduate-level education in the allied health sciences, forensics, nutrition, medical anthropology, paleoanthropology, primatology, museums and curation, zoology, and conservation. Students will acquire knowledge in the biological diversity of humans and other primates, including the evolutionary history that resulted in this diversity. Of the 20 credits required for this concentration, students must take two specific anthropology courses (ANTH 1105 and ANTH 2136) and select three electives from a set of approved courses drawn primarily from outside the major and social sciences.  

Required Courses:

  • ANTH 1105 Introduction to Physical Anthropology
  • ANTH 2136 World Perspectives on Health

Choose remaining credits from list below:

  • ANTH/BIOL 2200 Human Adaptation and Variation
  • ANTH/BIOL 2321 Human Biology and Evolution
  • ANTH/BIOL 2400 Forensic Anthropology
  • BIOL 1200/05 Cells and Molecules/Lab
  • BIOL 1260 Anatomy & Physiology for Health Sciences/Lab (pre-req: CHEM 2010/2110)
  • BIOL 1270 Anatomy & Physiology/Lab (pre-req: CHEM 2010/2110)
  • BIOL 1400/05 Biodiversity & Evolution/Lab (pre-req: BIOL 1200/05)
  • BIOL 2110/2115 Genetics/Lab
  • BIOL 2180 Human Anatomy
  • BIOL 3110 Animal Behavior
  • BIOL 3240 Human Evolution
  • BIOL 3241 Paleobiology
  • BIOL 3242 Vertebrate Paleontology
  • BIOL 3435 Evolutionary Mammology
  • GNM 2189 Human Geography and Ecology
  • GNM 2472 The Primates
  • HLTH 2221 Functional Human Anatomy
  • PUBH 3420 Epidemiology
  • SOCY 2236 Sociology of Health

* Other courses may be added or substituted with permission of preceptor.

  • Biological Anthropology Concentration Degree Pathway Worksheet

The Race/Ethnicity Concentration provides the opportunity for students to develop both broad and in-depth knowledge about the topics of race, ethnicity, culture, migration and colonization. Taking courses in multiple disciplines (anthropology, sociology, and potentially others) allows students to tackle challenging issues such as inequality, identity, and resistance from multiple perspectives. Completing the 20 credits required for the concentration assures students both local and global understandings of race and ethnicity as well as cross-cultural and intersectional frameworks.

Students select five electives, including at least two from the following list: 

  • ANTH 2145 Indigenous Peoples of North America
  • ANTH 2152 Language & Culture
  • ANTH 2230 Ethnicity
  • ANTH 2337 Jewish Culture
  • ANTH 2245 Race, Ethnicity & Immigration
  • ANTH 3233 Caribbean Cultures
  • ANTH 3623 Ethnography of the U.S. 
  • SOCY 2213 Minority-Majority Relations
  • SOCY 2355 Black Lives
  • SOCY 2745 Race, Poverty & Education  
  • SOCY 3628 Urban Environments 
  • SOCY 3636 WEB DuBois: Scholar/Activist 
  • SOCY 3650: Paths to U.S. Citizenship 
  • SOCY 3745 Urban Education Issues

At least two of these courses are offered each semester. 

The remaining three courses should be chosen from either the above list or programs beyond SOCY/ANTH, in consultation with the preceptor. R1 and R2 designations are indicators of some courses outside the program that may apply to the concentration, with preceptor/chair approval. 

  • Race/Ethnicity Concentration Degree Pathway Worksheet

Minors in Sociology and Anthropology


Minor in Sociology (20 credits) 
The Sociology minor requires SOCY 1100 (Introduction to Sociology) and four additional SOCY courses, at least one of which must be at the 3000 level or higher. 

  • SOCY 1100: Introduction to Sociology AND either:
  • Four additional SOCY courses, one of which must be at the 3000 level or higher, OR 
  • Four courses in the Race/Ethnicity Concentration [link], including at least one 3000+ level sociology course.

Sociology (SOCY) focuses on the analysis of human beings as members of societies, including social interaction among individuals, groups, and cultures; the institutions that constitute a society; and the processes that create, sustain and resist social inequality.  

Sociological analysis sharpens the understanding of various levels of social life, from interpersonal interactions (such as those found in families, small work groups, friendships, and casual encounters); through the organization and function of social institutions (such as the family, religions, education, politics, media, and medicine); to the structure and functioning of social systems as a whole (class structure, racial/ethnic relations, cultural ideology, and various legal and governmental processes).  

Many linkages are possible between SOCY and other fields such as social work, business, history, nursing, literature, health care, and computer science.


Minor in Anthropology (20 credits) 
The Anthropology minor requires ANTH 1100 (Introduction to Anthropology) and four additional ANTH courses, at least one of which must be at the 3000 level or higher. 

  • ANTH 1100: Introduction to Anthropology AND 
  • Four additional ANTH courses, one of which must be at the 3000 level or higher, OR 
  • Fulfillment of one of the program concentrations, with at least one 3000+ level course:  
    • Archaeology Concentration [link]
    • Biological Anthropology Concentration [link]
    • Race/Ethnicity Concentration [link] (ANTH 1100 and four courses from concentration list, including at least one upper-level anthropology course)  

Anthropology (ANTH) asks what it means to be human in all places at all times. As such, the discipline has an international and comparative focus. In Anthropology, people are understood in terms of their biological and behavioral variation cross-culturally and through time. In particular, the ethnographic field method exposes students to lived realities in a range of contexts.  

While our program’s primary focus is on Cultural Anthropology, students also have an opportunity to study in the other fields of Anthropology: Archaeology, Biological Anthropology, and Linguistics. Anthropological analysis investigates the dynamics of culture including kinship, religion, ethnicity, nationalism, colonialism, migration, and inequality. 

Many linkages are possible between ANTH and other fields such as social work, business, history, nursing, literature, health care, and ethnic studies. 


To declare the minor in Sociology/Anthropology: 

All major and minor changes/declarations must be submitted digitally. To make a request, log in to your Go Stockton portal. Access your Student Services tab > Student Tools > Change of Major/Minor. 

Note re: Minor Requirements 
Please note that as of 2021-22, students completing a SOCY or ANTH Minor are welcome, but not required, to take SOCY 3642 or ANTH 3643 (Research Methods courses required for SOCY/ANTH majors). Completing one of these Methods courses is one option that will fulfill the upper-level course requirement for the minor, but students may opt to take a different upper-level course to complete the minor in Sociology or Anthropology. 

Sociology and Anthropology Faculty


Shawn Riva Donaldson

Shawn Riva Donaldson, Ph.D. (Rutgers, The State University), Associate Professor of Sociology: Race/class/gender, sociology of law, medical sociology, demography, South African studies.

609-652-4455 | H249
Betsy Erbaugh

Betsy Erbaugh, Ph.D. (University of New Mexico), Associate Professor of Sociology: Reproductive and sexual health, gender, race, class, sexuality, social movements, violence, research methods.

609-652-4639 | G208
Laurie Greene

Laurie Greene, Ph.D. (Tulane University),  Professor of Anthropology: Language and culture, anthropology of men and women, Latin American and Caribbean cultures, culture in education, social activism.

609-761-1251 | AC224g
Bobbi Hornbeck

Bobbi Hornbeck, Ph.D., Teaching Specialist of Anthropology

609-626-3136 | C109
Christina Jackson

Christina Jackson, Ph.D. (University of California), Associate Professor of Sociology: Urban sociology, race, class, gender, social movements, inequality.

609-626-3422 | C142
Nazia Kazi

Nazia Kazi, Ph.D. (The Graduate Center at CUNY), Associate Professor of Anthropology: Race, immigration, inequality, Islamophobia, social theory.

609-626-3572 | C106
Ethan C. Levine

Ethan C. Levine, Ph.D. (Temple University) - Affiliated Research Faculty:  Sexual violence, intimate partner violence, victim services, gender and sexuality, feminist theory, social construction of knowledge, quantitative and qualitative methods.

ASSOCIATED FACULTY

Janice O. Joseph

Janice O. Joseph, Ph.D. (York University, Canada), Distinguished Professor of Criminal Justice: Juvenile justice, criminology and deviance, minorities and crime, corrections.

Margaret E. Lewis

Margaret E. Lewis, Ph.D. (State University of New York at Stony Brook), Professor of Biology: Vertebrate anatomy, anthropology, paleoecology, evolutionary biology, paleontology.

PROFESSORS EMERITI

Robert E. Helsabeck 

Robert E. Helsabeck , Ph.D. (Indiana University), Professor Emeritus of Sociology: Social psychology, research methods, religion, conflict.

Elinor Lerner

Elinor Lerner, Ph.D. (University of California at Berkeley), Associate Professor Emerita of Sociology: Political sociology, sociology of women, deviance, sexuality, popular culture, human/animal relations.

Linda Williamson Nelson

Linda Williamson Nelson, Ph.D. (Rutgers, The State University), Professor Emerita of Anthropology and Africana Studies: Anthropological linguistics, cultural anthropology, gender and culture, field methods, contemporary African American literature, African American vernacular English, African American culture.

Joseph Rubenstein

Joseph Rubenstein, Ph.D. (New School for Social Research), Professor Emeritus of Anthropology: Religion and ritual, anthropological theory, ethnicity, Jewish culture, field methods, anthropological photography.

Franklin O. Smith

Franklin O. Smith, Ed.D. (University of Massachusetts at Amherst), Professor Emeritus of Sociology: Family, sociology of education, sociology of sports, acting, public oratory.

Student Engagement

Internships
All students are encouraged to participate in internships related to their areas of interest. SOCY/ANTH majors may intern with local family service agencies, juvenile rehabilitation centers, hospitals, and nursing homes, or in institutions through the Washington Internship Program.

Students have also participated in community engagement and service-learning projects in public schools as well as in community and non-profit organizations. SOCY/ANTH students have helped build community gardens, mentored students in after-school programs, analyzed data for various community partners, aided those affected by hunger insecurity, developed public art projects for downtown revitalization initiatives, and worked with groups aiding victims of Hurricane Sandy. In addition to making a difference in the community, these projects have enabled hands-on work experience and employment opportunities. Preceptors can provide additional information and help students get involved in an internship program.

Undergraduate Research
Research projects sponsored by program faculty provide students with the opportunity to engage in research internships. Such research experiences can serve career goals or as the basis for further work in graduate school. Students may apply for Board of Trustees Fellowships for Distinguished Students, which are made available to fund such projects.

Study Abroad
Opportunities also exist for overseas study. An international experience is worthwhile and may act to strengthen the transcript of students pursuing a concentration in Anthropology in particular. Students may want to take advantage of study abroad to strengthen their foreign language skills through one of the many language immersion programs. Interested students should consult with their preceptor and with the Office of Global Engagement.

Field Schools
Majors may wish to attend summer field schools in either archaeology or ethnography. These schools are run by a number of prominent universities throughout the United States. Students should consult with their preceptors or the program coordinator for details.

Honor Societies
Sociology/Anthropology majors who have a B average in all of their course work and who have also maintained a B average in program courses completed at Stockton University may be eligible for membership in Alpha Kappa Delta, the International Sociology Honor Society. At least four Sociology courses must be taken prior to initiation. Membership in Lambda Alpha, the National Honor Society in Anthropology, will soon be available to students with a concentration in anthropology.

Career Opportunities

A number of other career opportunities are available for graduates of the SOCY/ANTH program. Majors should inform their preceptors of their career plans as early as possible so that they can best advise them as to course options and postgraduate education.

In general, program completion constitutes satisfactory preparation for students wishing to qualify for public service at the local, state or federal levels, and for positions in social service and nonprofit agencies. After completing their B.A. degrees, majors may go on to complete M.A. and Ph.D. graduate work to enter college teaching, assume upper level social research positions, or enter administrative work in a variety of settings.

A sampling of career options for SOCY/ANTH majors are listed below:

  • Social services: rehabilitation, case management, group work with youth or the elderly, recreation or administration.
  • Community work: fund raising for social service organizations, nonprofits, child-care or community development agencies, or environmental groups. Corrections: in probation, parole, or other criminal justice work.
  • Business: human relations, advertising, marketing and consumer research, insurance, real estate, personnel work, training or sales.
  • Higher education: admissions, alumni relations or placement offices.
  • Health services: family planning, substance abuse, rehabilitation counseling, health planning, hospital admissions and insurance companies.
  • Publishing, journalism, and public relations: writing, research and editing.
  • Government services: in federal, state, and local government jobs in areas such as transportation, housing, agriculture and labor.
  • Teaching: elementary and secondary schools, in conjunction with appropriate teacher certification.