Craig Lind

Associate Professor of Biology




USC2 - 308






Ph.D. Biology, University of Arkansas
Postdoctoral Training, Stetson University
M.S. Biology, California Polytechnic State University
B.S. Animal Science, University of Illinois




Physiological Ecology, Endocrinology, Reproduction, Herpetology




My research is broadly targeted at understanding the role of the endocrine system in coordinating the vertebrate response to environmental change. The endocrine system plays a key role in translating environmental cues into physiological and behavioral responses that impact fitness. My research examines both sides of this equation by quantifying how the environment impacts the endocrine system and how the endocrine system affects physiology and behavior. By elucidating the endocrine mechanisms that link environment and trait expression, my research endeavors to provide a better understanding of the capacity of individuals to respond to threats such as climate change and emerging disease and, in doing so, contributes basic foundational knowledge critical to informed and effective conservation strategies. My laboratory at Stockton is continuing to pursue this goal by examining the physiological response to an emerging fungal pathogen in snakes and describing the hormonal coordination of reproductive physiology and social behavior in reptiles. I also believe that detailed documentation of the natural and life history of populations is vital to conservation, and I continue to pursue work describing the general ecology and natural history of reptiles and amphibians.



*indicates undergraduate author

Gibbs, M., *Watson, P., *Johnson-Sapp, K., Lind, C.M. Reproduction revisited – A decade of changes in the reproductive strategies of an invasive catfish, Pterygoplichthys disjunctivus (Weber, 1991), in Volusia Blue Spring, Florida. Aquatic Invasions. In Press.

Lind, C.M., *Birky, N.K., *Porth, A.M., Farrell, T.M. 2017. Vasotocin receptor blockade disrupts maternal care of offspring in a viviparous snake, Sistrurus miliarius. Biology Open. Doi 10.1242/bio.022616

*McCoy, C.M., Lind, C.M. and Farrell, T.M. 2017. Environmental and physiological correlates of clinical signs of snake fungal disease in a population of pigmy rattlesnakes, Sistrurus miliarius. Conservation Physiology. 5. Doi 10.1093/conphys/cow077.

Lind, C.M., Flack, B., Beaupre, S.J., and D.D. Rhoads. 2016. The reproductive ecology of Female Timber Rattlesnakes, Crotalus horridus, in Northwest Arkansas. Copeia. 2016, 518-528.

*Sparks, A.M., Lind, C.M., Taylor E.N. 2016. Diet of the northern Pacific Rattlesnake (Crotalus o. oreganus) in California. Herpetological Review. 46(2), 1-7.

Lind, C. M., and Beaupre, S. J. 2015. Male snakes allocate time and energy according to individual energetic status: Body condition, steroid hormones, and reproductive behavior in timber rattlesnakes, Crotalus horridus. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 88, 624-633.

Lind, C.M., and S.J. Beaupre. 2014. Natural variation in steroid hormone profiles of timber rattlesnakes in Northwest Arkansas. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 206, 72-79.

*Putman, B. J., Lind, C. M., E. N. Taylor. 2013. Does Size Matter? Factors influencing the spatial ecology of Northern Pacific Rattlesnakes (Crotalus oreganus oreganus) in Central California. Copeia, 2013, 485-492.

Lind, C. M., J.F. Husak, C. Eikenaar, I. T. Moore, E. N. Taylor. 2010. The relationship between plasma steroid hormone concentrations and the reproductive cycle of the Northern Pacific Rattlesnake, Crotalus oreganus. General and Comparative Endocrinology 166, 590-599.